economics

April 17, 2010

Hukou system

Filed under: Uncategorized — ktetaichinh @ 10:58 pm
Tags:

http://vietnamese-law-consultancy.com/vietnamese/content/browse.php?action=shownews&category=&id=41&topicid=285

http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:vFLzDWRQ-GYJ:hoikinhte.com/vsed/noidung/59-7-DNgAnh-Ho%2520khau.pdf+household+registration+system+vietnam&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShjo-8dZqsEo4SIubq0i-cb6s3NBPYzydDvQIi9__ryctdLD0GrFruyxFLIgkD_9GUkS8Q0FLBqAxFlgYXOf3Ohx4478XIcWc-bEcG8YuF_Cqp-7_mG4NMe0KrVKYOGjQ8FSqR9&sig=AHIEtbQ-T2fvAkroEvWzxVpiYTgroT8n2g

http://my.opera.com/maixuanhuong/blog/huong-dan-thu-tuc-nhap-ho-khau

http://tuoitre.vn/Ban-doc-viet/143273/Nen-bo-so-ho-khau.html

<1956: free movements 1958-1978- strict control >1978- loosen trade balance with us = $268 billion in 2009, 180 million “floating population”, in that, 149 migrant workers (usually work in contruction, restaurant, service, manufacturing) Shenzhen: absorbs the most migrant workers real minimal wage (1994- 2006) almost nonchanged – large supply – hukou system: discriminate against migrant – poor human capital, education Choice 1- Household operation: means agricultural production only 13% of land arable, = 1/8 of US level after 1988, household can contract land from state depends on # of members in one household small area of land + many farmers: lesss efficient to buy a machine to farm 2- rural entrepreneurship the development of TVEs employment access to domestic loans is hard 3- migrating is the only optimal choice left 2007-2008 Labor Law Reform – labor contract law – labor dispute meditation/ arbitration (# of cases double in 2007-2008, in that 47% workers won, 14% for employers, 39% partial) China law is closer to EU law, more protective, weak local enforcement, uneven compliance Reform impact: higher cost – tougher penalty – higher risk of litigation by workers, workers have more power – catalyst for official implementation campaign, so that if employers go bankrupt, local officials will not be the one who hold the bag



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